High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! In 1995, Paul Bernd Spahn opposed the original form of a Tobin Tax in a Working Paper International Financial Flows and Transactions Taxes: Survey and Options, concluding "...the original Tobin tax is not viable. First, it is virtually impossible to distinguish between normal liquidity trading and speculative noise trading. If the tax is generally applied at high rates, it will severely impair financial operations and create international liquidity problems, especially if derivatives are taxed as well." But then he continued with this statement: "Most of the difficulties of the Tobin tax could be resolved, possibly with a two-tier rate structure consisting of a low-rate financial transactions tax and an exchange surcharge at prohibitive rates."
Real exchange rate is usually used as a measure of export competitiveness of a country. This study mainly focuses on examining whether Ethiopia's exports are determined by movements in real exchange rate. To scrutinize this issue, the aggregate export and the exports of two main subsectors, namely, coffee and oilseeds are taken into consideration using bilateral exports to seventeen major trading partners over the period 2000-2009. Accordingly, a dynamic panel data gravity model that takes into account the persistent nature of trade is estimated using the system GMM estimator. Both the current and one year lagged real exchange rates are included, where the latter is intended to account for the sluggish adjustment of trade to changes in relative prices. The results of the study show that neither lagged nor does current real exchange rate exert significant effect on the bilateral exports of the country. Diversifying exports from traditional primary commodities to nontraditional price elastic export items, expanding exports destinations and giving due attention to the quality of exports may be reasonable options to gain competitiveness in international market.
The innovations made during the last years on financial activity have led to the emergence of increasingly complex figures, with new derivative and hybrid products. Among the existing products, options have experienced a spectacular growth in recent years, both in volume of trading, which has been considerable, growing to hundreds of millions of contracts and investors popularity. In this work analyse the main of Fixed Income Option Valuation Models. Interest rate is studies because of the different positions that the underlying asset can adopt. Whether the underlying asset is a future on debt, or an interest rate, the positions are different, so the valuation is different too. The literature analyzes this movement in options on spot (Hull, 2005). We have described one of the main differences between options on fixed income and options on spot. For this, based on Black (1976) model for options on interest rate futures, we have studied the influence of the underlying asset on the results obtained. Furthermore we have compared analytical solutions with the results obtained in the financial markets, analyzing the main differences.
Analytical Finance is a comprehensive introduction to the financial engineering of equity and interest rate instruments for financial markets. Developed from notes from the author's many years in quantitative risk management and modeling roles, and then for the Financial Engineering course at Mälardalen University, it provides exhaustive coverage of vanilla and exotic mathematical finance applications for trading and risk management, combining rigorous theory with real market application.Coverage includes: - Date arithmetic's, quote types of interest rate instruments - The interbank market and reference rates, including negative rates - Valuation and modeling of IR instruments, bonds, FRN, FRA, forwards, futures, swaps, CDS, caps/floors and others - Bootstrapping and how to create interest rate curves from prices of traded instruments - Risk measures of IR instruments - Option Adjusted Spread and embedded options - The term structure equation, martingale measures and stochastic processes of interest rates, Vasicek, Ho-Lee, Hull-While, CIR - Numerical models, Black-Derman-Toy and forward induction using Arrow-Debreu prices and Newton-Raphson in 2 dimension - The Heath-Jarrow-Morton framework - Forward measures and general option pricing models - Black log-normal and, normal model for derivatives, market models and managing exotics instruments - Pricing before and after the financial crisis, collateral discounting, multiple curve framework, cheapest-to-deliver curves, CVA, DVA and FVA
Focusing on recent advances in option pricing under the SABR model, this book shows how to price options under this model in an arbitrage-free, theoretically consistent manner. It extends SABR to a negative rates environment, and shows how to generalize it to a similar model with additional degrees of freedom, allowing simultaneous model calibration to swaptions and CMSs.Since the SABR model is used on practically every trading floor to construct interest rate options volatility cubes in an arbitrage-free manner, a careful treatment of it is extremely important. The book will be of interest to experienced industry practitioners, as well as to students and professors in academia.Aimed mainly at financial industry practitioners (for example quants and former physicists) this book will also be interesting to mathematicians who seek intuition in the mathematical finance.
Trading and Pricing Financial Derivatives is an introduction to the world of futures, options, and swaps. Investors who are interested in deepening their knowledge of derivatives of all kinds will find this book to be an invaluable resource. The book is also useful in a very applied course on derivative trading. The authors delve into the history of options pricing, simple strategies of options trading, binomial tree valuation, Black-Scholes option valuation, option sensitivities, risk management and interest rate swaps in this immensely informative yet easy to comprehend work. Using their vast working experience in the financial markets at international investment banks and hedge funds since the late 1990s and teaching derivatives and investment courses at the Master's level, Patrick Boyle and Jesse McDougall put forth their knowledge and expertise in clearly explained concepts. This book does not presuppose advanced mathematical knowledge, though it is presented for completeness for those that may benefit from it, and is designed for a general audience, suitable for beginners through to those with intermediate knowledge of the subject.
The author/editor has produced two stand-alone or companion volumes. Only one third of the original material remains. New Markets and Products begins with two chapters on emerging markets. The book then goes on to cover markets and products of increasing complexity: standard equity and interest rate derivatives, exotic options, swap (and swaptions), volatility trading and finally credit derivatives. The contributors are all acknowledged experts in their fields: Michael Howell, Mark Fox, Ian King, Chris Rogers, Andrew Street, Riccardo Rebonato, Edmond Levy, Bryan Thomas, Vincent Lacoste, Desmond Fitzgerald and Blythe Masters. New Markets and Products will be an essential reference tool for risk managers, institutional investors, fund managers, bankers, corporate treasurers and financial consultants. 'In this volume Carol Alexander has gathered together ten articles that are concerned with important recent developments in financial markets. Two of the articles are concerned with emerging markets. They explore the reasons for their growth and the nature of the investment opportunities available. The remaining eight articles are concerned with derivatives. There are chapters on equity derivatives, interest rate derivatives, exotic options, volatility trading, and credit derivatives. The final chapter on credit derivatives is particularly timely. This market is in the process of transforming the way banks manage credit risk. I have seen no other discussion of the market as comprehensive and useful as that provided by Blythe Masters. Market participants and students alike will find much useful and thought-provoking information in this volume.' - John Hull, August 1998
Trading and Pricing Financial Derivatives is an introduction to the world of futures, options, and swaps. Investors who are interested in deepening their knowledge of derivatives of all kinds will find this book to be an invaluable resource. The book is also useful in a very applied course on derivative trading. The authors delve into the history of options pricing; simple strategies of options trading; binomial tree valuation; Black-Scholes option valuation; option sensitivities; risk management and interest rate swaps in this immensely informative yet easy to comprehend work. Using their vast working experience in the financial markets at international investment banks and hedge funds since the late 1990s and teaching derivatives and investment courses at the Master's level, Patrick Boyle and Jesse McDougall put forth their knowledge and expertise in clearly explained concepts. This book does not presuppose advanced mathematical knowledge, though it is presented for completeness for those that may benefit from it, and is designed for a general audience, suitable for beginners through to those with intermediate knowledge of the subject.
Registered Options PrincipalQualification ExaminationThe Registered Options Principal Qualification Examination (Series 4) is designed to test a candidate's knowledge of the rules and statutory provisions applicable to the supervisory management of a firm's options personnel and options accounts. After passing the Series 4 exam, a registered person may supervise a FINRA member firm's option business and is qualified to oversee trades on the following instruments: Equity options; foreign currency options; interest rate options; index options; options on government and mortgage-backed securities. Each book is accompanied by an online test bank with 68 questions, organized by chapter. The questions included in the book have been included in this online test bank. Topics Covered: - Options Investment Strategies - Supervision of Sales Activities and Trading Practices - Supervision of Employees, Business Conduct, and Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements Test: 125 multiple choice questions; 3 hours testing time. A candidate must answer 70% of the questions correctly to pass the Series 4 exam.Pre-requisites: The Series 7, 17, 37, 38, 42 or 62 can be used to meet the prerequisite of the Series 4 exam. All candidates must be sponsored by a FINRA member firm to take the series 4 exam.