The main two areas of financial mathematics areportfolio optimization and option pricing. Portfoliooptimization deals with the determination of the bestinvestment strategy under certain constraints (e.g.risk, liquidity or budget constraints). Optionpricing is concerned with valuation of derivativecontracts with complex payoffs, dependent on tradableassets. The first part of the book deals with realisticproblems of portfolio optimization. Thereby, theexpected outcome of a utility function underconstraints is maximised. For instance, the portfoliois optimized with fixed income and consumptionconstraints. The borrower rates of an investor dependon his debt-ratio, but usually they are assumed to bedebt-independent. The author shows, how debt-ratiodependent borrower rates can be incorporated intoportfolio optimization and how they affect theoptimal trading strategy. In the second part of thebook, some efficient methods to price Asian andaverage options are introduced. This book is adressed to quantitative researchers andportfolio managers in insurance companies andinvestment banks, as well as students of economicsand financial mathematics.
Derivatives market within a short span of time has become an important trading instrument. Everybody wants to know and talk about derivatives, however they remain a unique type of financial instrument that few of us understand. This book is aimed at providing an in-depth insight for a better understanding of instruments and strategies used in derivatives market. Instruments such as Forwards, Futures, Options and Swaps are widely discussed along with strategies such as Cap, Floor, Vanilla, Collars among others. This book provides a conceptual framework in integrating trading strategies to derivatives market. It also enlightens with the insight of review of literature, procedure of a study and a detailed qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data collected. This book will attract people from many concerns i.e. economist, administrators, investors, market analysts and researchers. Even a layman can benefit by reading the book thereby making an appropriate investment strategy.
Popular guide to options pricing and position sizing for quant tradersIn this second edition of this bestselling book, Sinclair offers a quantitative model for measuring volatility in order to gain an edge in everyday option trading endeavors. With an accessible, straightforward approach, he guides traders through the basics of option pricing, volatility measurement, hedging, money management, and trade evaluation. This new edition includes new chapters on the dynamics of realized and implied volatilities, trading the variance premium and using options to trade special situations in equity markets.* Filled with volatility models including brand new option trades for quant traders* Options trader Euan Sinclair specializes in the design and implementation of quantitative trading strategiesVolatility Trading, Second Edition + Website outlines strategies for defining a true edge in the market using options to trade volatility profitably.
This volume is a collection of chapters covering the latest developments in applications of financial mathematics and statistics to topics in energy, commodity financial markets and environmental economics. The research presented is based on the presentations and discussions that took place during the Fields Institute Focus Program on Commodities, Energy and Environmental Finance in August 2013. The authors include applied mathematicians, economists and industry practitioners, providing for a multi-disciplinary spectrum of perspectives on the subject.The volume consists of four sections: Electricity Markets, Real Options, Trading in Commodity Markets, and Oligopolistic Models for Energy Production. Taken together, the chapters give a comprehensive summary of the current state of the art in quantitative analysis of commodities and energy finance. The topics covered include structural models of electricity markets, financialization of commodities, valuation of commodity real options, game-theory analysis of exhaustible resource management and analysis of commodity ETFs. The volume also includes two survey articles that provide a source for new researchers interested in getting into these topics.
This book provides an introduction to the valuation of financial instruments on equity markets. Written from the perspective of trading, risk management and quantitative research functions and written by a practitioner with many years' experience in markets and in academia, it provides a valuable learning tool for students and new entrants to these markets.Coverage includes:·Trading and sources of risk, including credit and counterparty risk, market and model risks, settlement and Herstatt risks.·Numerical methods including discrete-time methods, finite different methods, binomial models and Monte Carlo simulations.·Probability theory and stochastic processes from the financial modeling perspective, including probability spaces, sigma algebras, measures and filtrations.·Continuous time models such as Black-Scholes-Merton, Delta-hedging and Delta-Gamma-hedging, general diffusion models and how to solve Partial Differential Equation using the Feynmann-Kac representation.·The trading, structuring and hedging several kinds of exotic options, including: Binary/Digital options, Barrier options, Lookbacks, Asian options, Chooses, Forward options, Ratchets, Compounded options, Basket options, Exchange and Currency-linked options, Pay later options and Quantos.·A detailed explanation of how to construct synthetic instruments and strategies for different market conditions, discussing more than 30 different option strategies.With source code for many of the models featured in the book provided and extensive examples and illustrations throughout, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to this topic and will prove an invaluable learning tool and reference for anyone studying or working in this field.
Analytical Finance is a comprehensive introduction to the financial engineering of equity and interest rate instruments for financial markets. Developed from notes from the author's many years in quantitative risk management and modeling roles, and then for the Financial Engineering course at Mälardalen University, it provides exhaustive coverage of vanilla and exotic mathematical finance applications for trading and risk management, combining rigorous theory with real market application.Coverage includes: - Date arithmetic's, quote types of interest rate instruments - The interbank market and reference rates, including negative rates - Valuation and modeling of IR instruments, bonds, FRN, FRA, forwards, futures, swaps, CDS, caps/floors and others - Bootstrapping and how to create interest rate curves from prices of traded instruments - Risk measures of IR instruments - Option Adjusted Spread and embedded options - The term structure equation, martingale measures and stochastic processes of interest rates, Vasicek, Ho-Lee, Hull-While, CIR - Numerical models, Black-Derman-Toy and forward induction using Arrow-Debreu prices and Newton-Raphson in 2 dimension - The Heath-Jarrow-Morton framework - Forward measures and general option pricing models - Black log-normal and, normal model for derivatives, market models and managing exotics instruments - Pricing before and after the financial crisis, collateral discounting, multiple curve framework, cheapest-to-deliver curves, CVA, DVA and FVA
Learn how C++ is used in the development of solutions for options and derivatives trading in the financial industry. As an important part of the financial industry, options and derivatives trading has become increasingly sophisticated. Advanced trading techniques using financial derivatives have been used at banks, hedge funds, and pension funds. Because of stringent performance characteristics, most of these trading systems are developed using C++ as the main implementation language.Options and Derivatives Programming in C++ covers features that are frequently used to write financial software for options and derivatives, including the STL, templates, functional programming, and support for numerical libraries. New features introduced in the C++11 and C++14 standard are also covered: lambda functions, automatic type detection, custom literals, and improved initialization strategies for C++ objects.Readers will enjoy the how-to examples covering all the major tools and concepts used to build working solutions for quantitative finance. It includes advanced C++ concepts as well as the basic building libraries used by modern C++ developers, such as the STL and Boost, while also leveraging knowledge of object-oriented and template-based programming. Options and Derivatives Programming in C++ provides a great value for readers who are trying to use their current programming knowledge in order to become proficient in the style of programming used in large banks, hedge funds, and other investment institutions. The topics covered in the book are introduced in a logical and structured way and even novice programmers will be able to absorb the most important topics and competencies.What You Will Learn Grasp the fundamental problems in options and derivatives trading Converse intelligently about credit default swaps, Forex derivatives, and more Implement valuation models and trading strategies Build pricing algorithms around the Black-Sholes Model, and also using the Binomial and Differential Equations methods Run quantitative finance algorithms using linear algebra techniques Recognize and apply the most common design patterns used in options trading Save time by using the latest C++ features such as the STL and the Boost libraries Who This Book Is ForProfessional developers who have some experience with the C++ language and would like to leverage that knowledge into financial software development. This book is written with the goal of reaching readers who need a concise, algorithms-based book, providing basic information through well-targeted examples and ready to use solutions. Readers will be able to directly apply the concepts and sample code to some of the most common problems faced in the analysis of options and derivative contracts.
EXPERT, DEPENDABLE FOREX COACHING--UPDATED TO KEEP YOU AHEAD IN AN EVOLVING MARKET The Forex Trading Course is the systematic guide aspiring traders need to enter the market with the confidence and skills necessary to generate wealth. Masterfully written so both basic and complex concepts are readily accessible, this all-inclusive training tool outlines a practical course of action to develop strategies integrating fundamental and technical analysis. It also demonstrates how to identify high-probability patterns and trades, adjust your trading plan for different account sizes, use emotional intelligence to improve trading performance, and much more. This second edition is fully revised to address: * Changes brought about by quantitative easing and central bank intervention--including greater spikes and disruptions in the forex and the influence of global growth and inflation on the market * Using binary options with forex trades to make accurate predictions on direction, targets, and stops * Social media trading and how to navigate herding behavior and swarming patterns * The latest insights and trends in cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin Complete with practice assignments to reinforce the material and a supplemental website to enhance your knowledge, The Forex Trading Course, Second Edition unlocks your optimal potential for profitable currency trading.
Efficient market theorists contend that markets are random and thus not predictable. With the publication of Trading Against theCrowd, however, noted author, economist, and professional trader John Summa convincingly shows that investor sentiment can be incorporated into profitable stock and stock market trading systems. In this groundbreaking book, Summa explains how to use popular gauges of crowd psychology, such as put/call ratios, option-implied volatility, short sales, investor surveys, and advisory opinion to trade against, or contrary to, prevailing market sentiment. He also makes compelling arguments against the efficient markets hypothesis with the presentation of his own quantitative weekly bear and bull news-flow intensity indices, which he builds from news scans. This data series, and other popular measures of crowd psychology, are processed through custom indicators that are programmed into profitable trading systems, such as Squeeze Play I & II, Tsunami Sentiment Wave, and the Fourth Estate. Trading Against the Crowd is the first book to provide a comprehensive assessment of investor crowd psychology, offering valuable market timing tools and trading techniques, including: MetaStock and Trade Station system and custom indicator code; comparative statistical studies of CBOE, OEX, and equity-only put/call ratios; straightforward instructions for combining price triggers with sentiment indicators; a practical guide to understanding put/call ratios, short sales, investor surveys, newsletter opinion, and stock market news-flow intensity; how to use LEAP options as trading vehicles to avoid use of stop loss orders; use of put/call ratios for trading the Treasury bond futures market; and test results and evaluation of trading system performance. Many of today's professional money managers rely on investor sentiment for improved market timing. They know that at extremes of market sentiment, markets tend to be the most predictable. Trading Against the Crowd shows how you can begin to profit from these short- to medium-term sentiment waves generated by the actions of the speculative crowd. Put into practice powerful sentiment data using thoroughly back-tested trading systems, and rise above the herd mentality of the investor crowd, where potentially large profits await.